Playing with the Tail

It is an intriguing job for the batsman slotted in at Number 5 or 6 in the batting order. He may be asked to drive home the advantage that the top order has achieved, or has to right the ship in case of a top order collapse. Most importantly, it requires the batsman to establish partnerships with not-so-accomplished compatriots and in a lot of cases, walking wickets. Successful Test teams generally have smart batsmen at positions 5 and 6 that can handle all of these demands effectively.

The year 2012 saw the retirement of one of those batsmen that exemplified what it took to succeed from the lower-middle order spot, VVS Laxman. The Test at Sydney will see the departure from the scene of another one, in Mike Hussey.

Hussey’s reputation as something of a magician that can coax valuable runs forging match-turning partnerships with the lower order was set early in his Test career. In only his 2nd Test, he put together 93 runs with Stuart McGill to give Australia the 1st innings lead against West Indies. In a little over a month, he put on 107 with Glenn McGrath for the 10th wicket against South Africa, a Test Australia went on to win, as was the case when he added 42 with Stuart Clark at Durban against the same opponent.

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VVS Laxman has had his share of “get out of jail” acts for India, most memorably his stand with Ishant Sharma against Australia in 2010, and a crucial 70 run partnership with Zaheer Khan for the 8th wicket to help India register their first Test win in South Africa.

It makes one wonder how these two soft-spoken yet tough as nails cricketers performed with the tail during the time their careers overlapped and how they stacked up in relation to some of the greatest middle order batsmen of all time. The following table lists the average runs middle order batsmen (#5 and #6) put together in partnerships (per wicket) with batsmen 8, 9, 10 and 11, since Hussey made his debut on November 3, 2005. (Minimum qualification: 1000 runs; 10 lower order partnerships).

Note: The “Average” column indicates the average runs per wicket scored in a partnership by that batsman in company of the tail-enders. It is not the average of the middle order batsman itself, but of the partnership. Individual contributions to partnerships are not available unless one goes through every scorecard and BBB commentary. Historical data is insufficient in these aspects as well.

In the last 7 years (since Hussey’s Test debut), Laxman outperforms quite easily other qualifying No. 5 and No.6 batsmen with an average partnership of almost 40 runs with a tail-end batsman. Surprisingly, it isn’t Hussey that has performed well with the tail, but his Skipper Clarke. Chanderpaul though involved in most number of lower order partnerships also averages a lowly 18 runs in them, indicating quite fragile West Indian batting line up in the last few years. Another interesting take away from this table is that Yuvraj Singh and Sourav Ganguly who occupied the No. 6 slot at various times come up poorly with average tail-end partnership of 13.45 and 17.84 runs, respectively. This might indicate that Laxman had figured out ways to establishing lower order partnerships and coax runs out of the tail-enders.

To expand further, Laxman’s achievement batting with the lower order needed to be compared some of the all time batting greats. The name Steve Waugh immediately pops in to cricket fans’ minds when thinking about middle order batsmen that forged many a memorable partnerships with tail-enders.

The collection of players used for this comparison includes middle order batsmen (not regular openers) that feature in the list of top run getters of all time, with a few more added in such as Clarke, Hussey, AB de Villers, Martin Crowe and Andy Flower. The following table shows the average runs scored per partnership with a tail-ender by this collection of batsmen.

It shouldn’t be surprising to see Don Bradman’s name near the top of any list of batting accomplishments but the top 2 names of Jacques Kallis and Mahela Jayawardene aren’t the most obvious choices for anyone venturing a guess. (When I mentioned that Jayawardene was No. 2 on this list, a friend suggested I should do a “Home” and “Away” list). The fact that South Africa has had pretty good batsmen batting at No. 8 and 9 such as Shaun Pollock and Lance Klusener, and recently Vernon Philander, perhaps contributed richly to Kallis’ position atop the list.

Laxman averaging 31 runs per partnership features in the top 6 while Hussey, whose start to the Test career would make us expect him to be featured near the top, actually finds himself near the bottom of the table. Steve Waugh, Allan Border and Chanderpaul who have amassed the most partnership runs with tail-enders also feature in the bottom half of the “Average” table.

Perhaps, a better indication of a batsman’s ability to play with the tail-enders could be the amount of partnership runs he accrued as a percentage of all the partnership runs he has been involved in, and is shown in the following table.

All the usual suspects claim their spots near the top of the table, with Hussey and Clarke slotted in the middle of the pack. Laxman nudges out Steve Waugh narrowly for the top spot amongst batsmen with more than 10,000 partnership runs. This could be used in an argument next time when someone brings up the question of “Who’s better playing with the tail?” From the looks of it, AB de Villiers might end up being the Laxman/Waugh of this generation.

The more accurate measure would have been the percentage of (individual) runs a middle order batsman scored as a percentage of his career runs but for reasons mentioned in the note earlier, this is not easy to do. A couple of other things to consider: Change in the batting average of the tail-enders and the number of balls faced when they bat together with batsmen of the likes of Laxman and S. Waugh, but that’s for another time.

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11 Responses to Playing with the Tail

  1. As a cricket fan in India, what I fail to understand is – people not giving enough credit to Dravid and Laxman. Two of the test pillars that helped India Test no – 1 rank almost for a year and half

  2. Russ says:

    Great table. The other addition you might like to look at is the correlation of strike-rate to partnership size with the tail. Assuming the batsman has a certain amount of time before the tail is dismissed, being able to score quickly is a big advantage – and one likely reason Chanderpaul is so low.

    • thecricketcouch says:

      Russ, I wanted to see that but it is hard to do. If you can figure out a way for me to derive that data, I’d be more than happy to see the correlation.

      • Russ says:

        It depends how you are deriving your data already. On my DB it is fairly straight-forward to look at the strike-rates of batsmen in those innings where they played with the table. The correlation is there (r=0.3, R^2=0.12).

        I have some data for partnership start and end overs. If you look only at partnerships where the batsman was the not-out player at the end of the partnership you can calculate strike-rates in the partnership from that data. A few notes on that:
        – Correlation existed (r=0.6,R^2=0,15). That is actually higher than a model might suggest (typical innings SR=50, avg=20 => 10 runs, SR=70 => 14 runs, avg. 24, correlation says 32) Read into that what you will.
        – That said, the data set is small, very often the top-order batsman is the one dismissed, and the amount of over data is not large.
        – My DB is not up to date, an extra 2 years wouldn’t hurt, when I get to it.
        – Strike rates for batsmen are much higher in that situation (65-75 vs. 45-55). That would also explain why they are dismissed.

        • thecricketcouch says:


          I don’t really have my own database. I just collect the data from Stasguru from time to time on topics of interest and spreadsheet it. I didn’t have the over beginning and over ending data either, unfortunately. Kartikeya has some things to that end but I went ahead without it anyway. It would be interesting to see what comes of it.

  3. Ram says:

    Very interesting (and may I say, meticulous) compilation. While we are obviously aware of Laxman’s image of batting with the tail, these stats provide solid proof of what he meant for India in the last 7 years.

    He seems to have had the gift of commication – how to trust and coax a partnership with people less gifted than you. And I think that quality was far more valuable to India’s test leadership than even the 281.

    I also feel one reason for his decline over 2012 was that he changed back to his more aggressive ways – from the day he hit that 6 off Steyn in South Africa. That and the frequent spot changes up the order in the West Indies and England tours ended up being regressive for his mindset.

    • thecricketcouch says:

      Ram, yeah, there are certain players who seem to inspire confidence in their lower order partners. During the SL-AUS 3rd Test at SCG, Clenn McGrath was talking about the middle order batsmen he’s partnered. He said Steve Waugh trusted in him, told him so and expected to hold his end of the bargain where someone like Gilchrist did not.

  4. KBS Krishna says:

    I guess one of the reasons Laxman figures that high on that table is the presence of Dhoni, and Harbhajan discovering his batting mojo. I wonder how Laxman’s stats look like if we consider his numbers seven years ago.

    Of course, this is not to undermine his performances. But stats sometimes are misleading; so a sense of perspective is welcome.

    • thecricketcouch says:

      Krishna, Possibly so. but I don’t know whether Harbhajan’s average increased tremendously pre and post 2007 (I know he scored 2 hundreds). Dhoni doesnt enter this equation much because he plays at 7 mostly and this table considers only batsmen at 8 to 11.

  5. Good analysis, had never realized before this that ABdV was good with the tail.
    But for some teams like Zim, the tail or bowlers who aren’t much with the bat might start at 7. While for other team like Australia, even number 9 might have a double century to his name. So, the last table looking at 8-11 as tail might be misleading.

    • thecricketcouch says:

      Thanks Mayank. I did look at the candidates occupying 8-11, and in general, with some exceptions, it is a pretty decent demarcation of the batting order. Sure, you have a Gillespie scoring a double or an Akram, same way you have a Kumble or an Agarkar… but those incidents are quite rare.

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